ARTE FRANCE, EFFERVESCENCE PRODUCTIONS
German, English, French
TV, DVD, NON-THEATRICAL, INTERNET, VOD
Where did anti-Semitism first emerge? How did it grow? The first major wave of violence directed at Jews occurred in Antiquity, at Alexandria in Egypt, and has been well-documented.
How did anti-Jewish sentiment spread in Christian and Muslim civilizations? After three centuries of a golden age on the Iberian Peninsula, Grenada was the setting for a massacre.
The worst period was the time of the Crusades, when attacking Jewish people became a mass phenomenon. But the history of anti-Semitism in the first millennium AD also encompasses the first struggles to counter the spread of this hostility. This went from the first text denouncing hatred of Jews in Alexandria to the refusal of the Carolingian kings to discriminate against them, and from the protection for Jewish communities accorded by the Muslim rulers of Spain, and the appeals by Abbott Bernard de Clairvaux to bring an end to the massacres during the Crusades.